A cartouche is an intricate ornamental frame with a blank centre often flanked by scrolls. Cartouches commonly frame coats of arms, messages and paintings.
The ancient Greeks learned the art of sculpture from the Egyptians. Initially, they worked in the Egyptian style, creating figures that copied their rigid poses and forward-facing gaze. The distinctive classical Greek aesthetic emerged over centuries, celebrating freedom of movement, idealised proportions and a sense of harmony and balance.